A large percentage of them were either insane, genocidal (toward white southerners), or majorly racist themselves. Here are just a few of their kernels of wisdom......"I affirm that it is better, far better, that every man, woman, and child in every rebel state should perish in one widespread, bloody, and indiscriminate slaughter, better that the land should be a Sahara; be as when God destroyed the Canaanites, or overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, than that this rebellion should be successful." Reverend W.J. Sloane......."...that the South be laid, and made a desert, in order to save this Union from destruction........we must slay every traitor, burn every Rebel mansion.......unless we do this, we cannot conquer them." Congressman Thaddeus Stevens.......And then of course there was Hinton Helper (transplanted from the South) who wrote an entire volume dedicated solely to the strategy of colonization in that heaven forbid that these freed black people stay in America.